Impact Gardening Churns Surface of Saturn’s Moon Europa

Impact Gardening Churns Surface of Saturn’s Moon Europa

Over tens of millions of years, the surface of Europa has been churned by impacts down to an average depth of 30 centimeters. This churning means that the search for chemical biosignatures must look below that zone. Plus, methane and icequakes at Enceladus, predicting underwater eruptions, Virgin Galactic’s flight, and a Chinese spacewalk.

Play
Betelgeuse Smaller Than Previously Calculated, Still Mystery

Betelgeuse Smaller Than Previously Calculated, Still Mystery

Scientists collected fresh data on Orion’s bright star Betelgeuse to try and understand this star that caused so much controversy last year. They found it’s smaller than previously calculated, and last year’s dimming was likely caused by dust, but it’s also more complex than thought. Plus, galaxies, Earth’s forests, ice on Mars, and Saturn’s moon Rhea.

Play