I'm opening a new thread since the previous is getting a little irrelevant.
Definitions begin with names.
Astrology is a hellenic word. It is a composite word from Astron (=Star) and Logos (=Analogy).
What is Star, according to Hellenes?
-A solid, a sphere with two more dimensions: motion and sound (compare with Pythagorean doctrine about Music of the Spheres) that floats "in the waters" of what today we call wrongly Space (wrongly, since it is not vacuum).
-Stars are the visible Gods. (each God is a Triad that constists of the Noetic -i.e. the Idea-, the Noeric -i.e. The Idol- and the Visible -i.e. the Star)
-Stars are divided in two major categories:
a. Aplaneis (=non wandering)
b. Planitai (=wandering)
-Stars, particularly non-wandering, emit their own essence. This essence is called "aeizoon pyr" (=everliving fire) according to Heracletus or "pyr and aether (=fire and aether) according to other Hellen philosophers. Aether is the material manifestation of "nous" (mind, from "nous" derive the words noetic, noeric and from the verb "noo" origins the corresponding verb "know"). The nous is related with what we could today call "conscience".
*In Hellenic Philosophy/Theology there is no seperation between "matter" and "spirit", but it is Hylozoistic. Matter (symbol word: Gaia) is considered self-existing, self-motioned, inconscient and living. This is Hylozoismus.
What is Logos?
-Analogy. From Logos the word Logic derives. The Latin equivalent is Ratio, from which the word Rational derives.
-In mathematics of Hellenes, the word Logos is used to descrive the fraction.
-In Hellenic Philosophy/Theology, the Logos concept plays an important part. Since ancient times, the Hellenes had observed that all the worlds present analogies, similarities in their structure and these analogous similarities were due to the presence of initial, funamendal Principles.
To explain this with a small practical example, let's compare a tree, a man and a city (three different worlds) and see if some basic Principles are present. I will mention only a few Principles for the sake of the example:
1. Principle of Form, of the formation, shaping process, of eumorphia (=beauty) (Aphrodite)
2. Principle of Management, of the administration process (Zeus)
3. Principle of Communication, of the exchange of ideas, concepts etc (Hermes)
4. Principle of Strife, of battle, of struggle against external circumstances that threat the existence of the Being (Ares)
1. Presence of formation principle, according to its kind. Ability of reproducing its shape if we cut its branches. Ability of reproducing the same shape through the seed.
2. Presence of the management principle. Τhe necessary functions that needs to sustaing itself are allocated, divided and all the parts cooperate with each other.
3. Presence of the communication principle. The parts of the tree communicate with each other. The tree communicates with its environment and can benefit (food, light) or not (disease).
4. Presence of the strife principle. Each tree develops its own mechanisms which will allow it to "fight" to protect its existence, for example against the invasion of a virus.
1. Presence of formation principle, according to its kind. Ability of reproducing some of its parts, like the skin for instance. Ability of reproducing the same shape through the seed.
2. Presence of the management principle. Τhe necessary functions that needs to sustaing itself are allocated, divided and all the parts cooperate with each other (heart, lungs, brain etc.)
3. Presence of the communication principle. The parts of the man communicate with each other. The man communicates with its environment and can benefit (food, light) or not (disease). A man is a much more complex organism than a tree so the communication principle extends to words, concepts, ideas, the interaction with others of its kind.
4. Presence of the strife principle. Each man develops its own mechanisms which will allow it to "fight" to protect its existence, for example against the invasion of a virus. A man is a much more complex organism than a tree so the strife principle extends to the personal and social level, like the proffesional strife out of which some men become better than others and gain the corresponding benefits.
1. Presence of formation principle, according to its kind. The corresponding analogy for a city is the construction of buildings, roads and generally everything the city needs in order to fulfil the cause of its existence.
2. Presence of the management principle. Τhe necessary functions that needs to sustaing itself are allocated, divided and all the parts cooperate with each other (army, politics, trade, arts and sciences etc.)
3. Presence of the communication principle. The parts of the city communicate with each other. The corresponding analogy of the Hermes Principle in the city level can be the marketplace, the trade functions etc.
4. Presence of the strife principle. Each city develops its own mechanisms which will allow it to "fight" to protect its existence, and to flourish. The achievement of wealth and well being of its inhabidants, the presence of army etc.
This is only a small example of Logos. In fact, it would require a lengthy article to only touch the basics of the concept of Logos. It would require to enter many areas from biology to theology to analyze this concept. The contemporary comparison of microcosm and macrocosm is another example of the Logos concept.
Now, we can say that Astrology deals with the "Logos of the Stars". But Logos between Stars and what else? Well, the Stars are considered the Visible Gods. As Visible Gods they are carriers of the essence of the Gods in many levels, one of which is the level of Ideas (compare with the Platonic doctrine about the noetic world of Ideas). So the Logos relevant to the Stars is the one between the Stars and the Ideas they carry and emit.
Through their emissions all life origins. In contemporary astrophysics, it has been discovered that "All of chemistry, beyond hydrogen and helium, and therefore, all of life has been formed by stellar evolution. In other words, with the exception of hydrogen, everything in our bodies and brains has been produced in the thermonuclear reactions within stars which later exploded in galactic space" (Benjamin Gal-Or, Cosmology, Physics, and Philosophy).
All living organisms are a compination of the stellar emitions and this compination is not random and accidental but ELLOGICAL.
Astrology investigates the Logos of the Stars and its application on the living organisms and the(ir) worlds.
It does this:
-with the use of a mathematical/geometrical model that projects the 3-dimensional (and visible to us) sky (celestial sphere) in two dimensions (circle).
-with the use of a specific theological/philosophical corpus according to which the various stars are grouped (idolized) into asterisms, according to their closeness and likeness of form (Geminus Rhodius, Introduction to Phaenomena). It assigns properties to the constellations according to a process called Katasterismos (Eratosthenes, Katasterismoi). To explain the rationale behind Katasterismos is not possible since it relates to inner theological concepts that are quite complex and take years to comprehend even for someone who is a Hellen by religion and has a profound knowledge of the Hellenic Philosophy and Theology.
-a further Katasterismos takes place through the division of the Zodiac into 12 equal parts of 30 degrees each that are called Dodecatemories and each zodiacal constellation is assigned to its corresponding Dodecatemory. The constellations of the Zodiac are not of equal length and some exceed their Dodecatemory (like Virgo) or are much shorter (like Cancer).
Now, why am I writing all these?
My thesis is that Astrology is a polytheistic science, therefore it cannot be comprehended outsides its frame-of-reference. That is why it cannot be comprehended in a christian-oriented world or an atheist one. My intent is not to persuade any christian or atheist about the validity of Astrology. My intent is to demonstrate that Astrology is a well-structured system, with a perfect and impeccable rationale when examined from the polytheistic point of view, with perfect logic and with a relation to serious philosophical/theological concepts like Theogony, Astrogony, Psychogony and Cosmogony and of course of the Logos between them.