I'm not an expert in these fields, but I have some guesses. However, I suspect the advances in these fields will be contingent on the advances in the field in which I am an expert: politics. Without getting into politics, and assuming that we manage our resources properly, here are my predictions:
Originally Posted by The_Radiation_Specialist
+10: We'll just start collating data from the LHC and will have a glimmer of ideas on fusion design from that research.
+20: We'll think of a way to directly detect neutrinos for use in communications. We'll have achieved limited positive EROEI with Fusion power.
+50: We'll have a quantum theory of gravity but still won't know if we can or cannot create artificial gravity or anti-gravity or gravity magnification. We will have sustainable fusion power.
+10: We'll have managed to make CNT rope but no mono-molecular ribbons. We'll have managed to increase the EROEI on some new chemical and nuclear fuel sources as well as solar.
+20: We'll start having nanobot micro-assembly systems.
+50: We'll have energy storage batteries that use nuclear isomers.
+10: We'll be working on genetically modified plants that we can efficiently turn into biofuel.
+20: We'll have an acknowledged human clone, alive and well.
+50: We'll have real genetic engineering, the ability and discipline of creating a species from scratch, instead of just modification.
+10: We'll start seeing trials of virus-delivered genetic cures
+20: We'll be halfway to medical human immortality and have a demonstrably stable near-term method for suspended animation.
+50: We'll have achieved medical immortality and have various near-superhuman cynernetic implants for those who desire it. Long-term suspended animation will be a reality.
+10: We'll have cheaper notebook computers that run faster with less power and no fan that interact with lots of embedded computers and can respond to us with an AI agent, but we'll still use mice and keyboards for real work.
+20: We'll have multi-dimensional and quantum processors (mathematical dimensions, not the sci-fi physical planes of existence type, like subspace), but still use mice and keyboards for real work.
+50: We'll be able to scan a human brain's processes and memory and copy it to a computer processor natively (without an OS) in such a way that the computer personality is indistinguishable from the real person and can pass various intelligence and ID tests, but we will still not have a manufactured AI that is convincingly sentient and stable in its own right. The copied personality will still need a real or virtual mouse and keyboard to do real or virtual work, since it can't manifest mind-over-matter control of computer equipment due to not knowing how to interface with instruction level code.
Astronomy and Space Exploration
+10: We'll still be working on sending people back to the Moon and to Mars.
+20: We'll have sent people to the moon and be starting the first Moon base. We'll have a surface rover on or en route to Ceres, Europa, and Mercury and a balloon rover to Venus. We'll be planning a probe to penetrate the Sun, possible part of a solar sail propelled probe designed to exit the solar system.
+50: We'll have sent people to Mars and be starting the first Mars base. We'll be planning the first interstellar mission and have a floating colony on Venus and a mobile base on Mercury
Et tu BAUT? Quantum mutatus ab illo.