The evidence, from redshift and the CMB, contains puzzles that are unexplained by the Standard Big Bang Model. The CMB is too uniform for a Universe expanding at the present value of c. Recent data from supernovae indicates that the distance/redshift relation breaks down at high Z. The observed ”critical” density of mass is not explained by current paradigms. Fortunately there are simple, precise explanations for CMB radiation, density and redshifts.
Points in Space/Time have timelike separation R = ct
from the ”Big Bang” singularity. The spherical Von Riemann Universe (Volume V = 2*Pi^2*R^3) obeys the cosmological principle: It is closed, unbounded, homogeneous and isotropic. Scale R = ct
also expands as t increases, its expansion slowed by gravitation. Gravitation further requires that c and t be related by:
GM = tc^3
Where G is Newton’s constant, M and t are Mass and age of the Universe.
A simple equation can lead to many solutions. We solve for c(t) and R(t):
c(t) = (GM)^(1/3)*t^(−1/3).....(2)
R(t) = ct = (GM)^(1/3)*t^(2/3).....(3)
Latter is the metric of Einstein-de Sitter expansion, the favoured model of both
authors. The Universe expands and slows to infinity, never stopping or reversing