Heyas, everyone. This is my first post here at BA.
I got tired of lurking, so I've decided to contribute something. Here's some things that I think constitute evidence against the Electric Star theory of the neo-Velikovskian catastrophists (Thornhill, Scott, et al.). Tim, I think you might be the most interested.
1. If stars' luminosity and spectral classes are determined by electric input and size of plasma pinched together in the star's formation (both should
always be random), then there should not be gaps in the HR diagram. There are. We have discrete collections of stars on the HS diagram: white dwarves fit along a narrow strip on the bottom, main sequencers/red & brown dwarves fit on the diagonal line from top left to bottom right, and
giants/supergiants are on the far top, stetching across all spectral classes as well. As such, the HR Diagram looks like a backwards Z. If stars truly
were powered by electricity,--that they are formed by a randomly sized agglomeration of plasma pinched together which is in turn powered by a random level of electric input--we should expect stars filling up the
observed gaps in the HR diagram. We should see spectral classes O, B, & A having luminosities in the gaps between the white dwarves, the main sequencers, and the giants. We should also see M class stars with
luminosities filling up the gaps between the red main sequecers and the red giants. There are none.
2. Likewise, electric stars should come in all sizes (diameters). Real stars don't. We have some the size of Earth, some the size of Jupiter, some the size of the Sun, and others are a number of times the size of the Sun. While it gets less exact in size relations for stars larger than red dwarves (i.e. main sequencers range from some 0.5 to 2.5 solar radii and
giants/supergiants have a larger range of, say 8 to 100 solar radii), the fact that red and brown dwarves are always no smaller than the size of Jupiter (0.1 to 0.5 solar radii for RDs and 0.1 to 0.2 for BDs) and
white dwarves are always the size of Earth (0.01 solar radii), not to
mention pulsars are always city-sized (about 10 km). We see no red pulsars, nor blue or white stars the diameter of Jupiter. Nor have we identified any stars the diameter of Neptune or the moon. Also, why are
there no intermediates between M dwarves and M giants? Or between OB dwarves (0.01 solar radii), OB main sequencers, and OB giants? The smaller types always being at specific sizes and generally at the same
spectral classes, as well as the others pointed out, tend to rule out the idea of electric stars and rather conforms to the fusion theory's expectations.
3. Supernovae also occur only in specific types of stars: supergiants. If supernovae were caused by high electric stress that make the bright blue stars fission, then we would expect not just blue supergiants (which do explode), but also white dwarves, white and blue main sequencers, and
supposedly also pulsars all having higher rates of "fissioning" than red giants. Instead, we see only the massive supergiants explode.
Well, what do you all think?
~Zero Signal, former Velikovskian