It has been thought that the first gold coins were minted by the Lydian king Croesus in about 560 BC, and the first silver coins minted by king Pheidon of Argos in about 700 BC.
However, an exciting archaeological find could mark a "new page in history".
According to Vladimir Ploskikh the leader of an archaeological expedition in Kyrgyzstan, possibly the world's most ancient gold coin has been discovered on the northern shore of Issuk-Kul, a high mountain lake.
"This is probably the earliest form of metal money found in Central Asia, and may have served as an archetype for later gold coins. If this is confirmed, the find will have a unique worldwide historical and cultural significance as a prototype for gold money" - Vladimir Ploskikh.
The expedition from the Kyrgyz-Russian Slavic University found the 70-gram octagonal gold artefact along with bronze daggers, sickles and hatchets, as well as household implements and jewellery dating back to approximately 1,000 BC.
The expedition, inspired by old legends, was looking for the burial site of Saint Matthew, one of the 12 apostles, whose relics were said to have been kept in a middle age Christian monastery on the shore of the Lake.
The Great Silk trade route passes near to the site.
Latitude 42°43'29.08"N Longitude 77°35'49.44"E