I was searching the web for information about Polaris in the antiquity. I thought that I would not find any references, since from what I know the precession makes that Polaris was not the pole star in antiquity, for example in the Egypt of the first dynasties.
I have found that there are references to Polaris in many cultures, for example ancient China, India, Arabic cultures, the Norse, etc. Why does it has so much importance in these cultures, since back then it was further away from the pole? Is it because, even beign farther, it was still the closest star to the pole?
I would like to know since when is Polaris the pole star? And when did we name it Polaris? I think the name comes from ancient Greece, but back then, how far from the pole was Polaris? And in the 1500's, at the beginning of the European exploration of America, how far from the pole was Polaris?
Sorry to bother you with these many historical questions. Thank you in advance for your help!