PHOTON INTRINSIC EXPANSION
I used the following Ampere rating formula below for determining the magnetic field strength repulsion rather than the attraction between two wires carrying one Ampere of current for a distance of one meter and spaced one meter apart that generates a force of one Newton.
A Newton is defined as the force required to move one kilogram of mass one meter in one second per second..
Fˇ1 & 2 = 2 kˇm x Iˇ1 & Iˇ2 x delta L ⁄ R
Fˇ1 & 2 = Force in Newtons
2kˇm = Magnetic Constant 10ˆ-7
Iˇ1 & Iˇ2 = Current in wires
Delta L = Length of wires (force fields) in meters
R = Distance between wires in meters.
I could not post the illustration of this Ampere definition.
Most physics books should have this illustration.
Although this formula is used in defining the ampere, it can be used for determining the force between wires or one wire as well.
Now if we consider using this formula for determining the force generated by an electron as it jumps from one orbit to an inner orbit, we can get an idea of the repulsive force within the photon pulse Fˇ1&2. First, we use only one wire (electron path) by dropping the multiplier, the subscripts 1 and 2 and one current Iˇ2. We use the electron coulomb current rating of 1.6x10ˆ-19 and then we determine the distance of the electron path as it moves between orbits by taking its average velocity during a time period of one half wavelength (photon pulse) because the electron moves in one direction only for a single polarity. For the wavelength we use 4.86x10ˆ-7 meters (Hb). Delta L would be 6.65x10ˆ-10 meters for the length of the electron trajectory.
Fˇph = 10ˆ-7 x 1.6x10ˆ-19 x 6.65x10ˆ-10 ⁄ 2.43x10ˆ-7 = 4.38x10ˆ-29 ⁄ 3 N
Fˇph = 1.46 x 10ˆ-29 m/s/s
I divided the force by three (bottom figure) because the average change in velocity is one third of the total average velocity of the electron. The photon pulse of one half wavelength replaces R in the original formula.
If we use that figure to consider the expansion of the photon to be 1.46x10ˆ-29 m/s/s, then we can determine the amount of seconds it would take to double the length of the photon pulse to make Z equal one
Z = λ⁄2 = 2.6 x 10ˆ14 seconds or 2.6 x 10ˆ4 billions of years.
This figure is entirely too low for a reasonable cosmological redshift but remember that this is a force moving a kilogram of mass the distance of the photon pulse. However, it does prove that a photon pulse does have an intrinsic expansion that can move a weight.
The weight does not exist in free space. So the photon pulse is expanding in free space at a much greater rate that would be thousands of times greater to erase the above figure. I will have to come up with a figure for this expansion in free space later.
This mathematical interpretation of the photon intrinsic expansion is additional proof besides the other empirical evidence like the basic electric and magnetic field patterns plus the reality of the existence of the electric motor that uses these force fields should be convincing enough for the skeptics that refuse to accept this photon expansion.